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What Is A Bad Credit Score And How Do You Fix It?

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Your credit score plays a crucial role in your financial life, affecting your ability to secure loans, credit cards, and favorable interest rates. A bad credit score can create obstacles when trying to achieve your financial goals. 

In this blog post, we’ll explore what is considered a bad credit score and provide actionable steps you can take to fix it, putting you on the path to better financial health.

Understanding Credit Score Ranges

Credit scores typically range from 300 to 850, with higher scores indicating better creditworthiness. 

These scores are usually categorized into five ranges:

  • Excellent: 800-850
  • Very Good: 740-799
  • Good: 670-739
  • Fair: 580-669
  • Poor: 300-579

A bad credit score generally falls within the “poor” range, making it more challenging to secure loans and credit products or access favorable interest rates.

Factors That Contribute To A Bad Credit Score

Several factors can contribute to a bad credit score, including:

  • Late or missed payments
  • High credit utilization
  • Multiple hard inquiries
  • Limited credit history
  • Defaults, bankruptcies, or foreclosures

Understanding these factors can help you identify areas where you can improve your credit score using credit repair software that automates the entire dispute process

Get A Copy Of Your Credit Report

To start repairing your bad credit score, obtain a free copy of your credit report from the three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion). 

Review your report for any errors, such as incorrect personal information, duplicate accounts, or inaccurately reported late payments. Dispute any errors you find with the respective credit bureau to have them corrected.

Create A Budget And Prioritize Debt Repayment

Establishing a budget can help you manage your finances more effectively and allocate funds towards debt repayment. Prioritize paying off high-interest debt first, such as credit card balances, to reduce the overall interest you pay. 

Additionally, make sure you pay all your bills on time, as payment history accounts for 35% of your credit score.

Lower Your Credit Utilization

Credit utilization is the ratio of your outstanding balances to your available credit limits. A high credit utilization can negatively impact your credit score. 

Aim to keep your credit utilization below 30% by paying off your balances and not maxing out your credit cards.

Set Up Payment Reminders Or Automatic Payments

Late or missed payments can significantly damage your credit score. To avoid this, set up payment reminders or automatic payments for your bills. 

This will ensure you make timely payments and help build a positive payment history, which is crucial for improving your credit score.

Build A Diverse Credit Mix

Having a diverse mix of credit, such as revolving credit (credit cards) and installment loans (mortgages, auto loans), can positively impact your credit score. 

Lenders like to see that you can manage different types of credit responsibly. If your credit profile only consists of one type of credit, consider diversifying your credit mix by adding a different type of credit account, but only if you can manage it responsibly.

Consider A Secured Credit Card Or Credit-Builder Loan

If you have a bad credit score, you may have difficulty obtaining an unsecured credit card or loan. In this case, consider applying for a secured credit card or credit-builder loan. These products are designed for individuals with low credit scores or limited credit history, helping them establish a positive payment history and improve their credit score over time.

Limit Hard Inquiries On Your Credit Report

Multiple hard inquiries on your credit report can lower your credit score. 

Hard inquiries occur when a lender checks your credit report in response to a credit application. 

Limit the number of credit applications you submit, and only apply for new credit when necessary to minimize the impact of hard inquiries on your credit score.

Be Patient And Consistent

Improving your credit score takes time and consistent effort. Make a long-term commitment to responsible credit habits, such as timely bill payments, managing debt, and maintaining a low credit utilization. 

As negative items on your credit report age, their impact on your credit score will diminish. By staying disciplined and patient, you’ll see your credit score improve over time.


A bad credit score can be a significant obstacle in achieving your financial goals. However, by understanding the factors that contribute to a bad credit score and implementing the steps outlined in this blog post, you can work towards repairing your credit and improving your financial health. Remember that building a strong credit history takes time, patience, and commitment. With dedication and persistence, you can turn your bad credit score into a good one, opening doors to new financial opportunities and a brighter financial future.

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